Cataract

Let’s try and first take a gander at what this disease is and what would be the most common causes for the same. To put it in layman’s terms - When the eye's natural lens gets clouded then the condition is called Cataract. Cataract is the most common known cause of loss of vision and impairment and also the main cause of blindness in the world.

What are the signs and symptoms that One Suffers from Cataract?

  • It starts off in a very innocent manner with a partial clouding of the eyes and a generally blurry vision.
  • It can be also be detected if bright lights look glaring to you, or if you have difficulty while driving in the night and colours in general look a little off.


What are the types of cataract?

  • 1. Subcapsular: These typically occurs in diabetic people or those on a high dosage of steroid medication and originates in the back of the eye.
  • 2. Nuclear: This is generally associated with ageing, and it originates in the nucleus of the eyes.
  • 3. Cortical: Occurs in the lens cortex and is witnessed as white edge shaped particles in the eyes.


Best Eye Care Hospital in Kolkata - Cataract

Modify your diet. Protection from Ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Stop smoking. Control your blood sugar. Avoid trauma. Avoid the unnecessary use of steroids. Visit your eye doctor.



What are the types of cataract?

Under most ideal conditions, the lens of the eyes, composed of certain chemicals is precisely arranged, but as we age, these chemical component start clubbing together thus eventually leading to the eye getting partly clouded, thus compromising vision.

While there are no definitive reasons identified as of now for the causes of this disease, there are certain reasons which could potentially be associated with it.
  • Age: This is the most common cause of the diseases, as the quality of lens degrades over time and typically other diseases, also further aid the process.
  • Radiation: Radiations of various types can cause degradation of lens quality, even ultraviolet rays of the sun contribute to this factor.
  • Inadequate Vitamin C: A lack of this chemical substance also contributes to the lower of the lens quality.
  • Skin Diseases: Certain types of skin problems can also contribute to the formation of lumps in the eyes, causing a clouded vision, thus leading to cataract formation.
Inadequate care of the body and health coupled with poor lifestyle choices can also lead to cataract formation.


Cataract Prevention and Treatment:

While total preventive measures are not conclusively determined, there are certain factors that could certainly help prevent it to a certain extent.

Certain nutrition studies show that consuming fruits and vegetables high in antioxidants may help prevent certain types of cataracts.

Proper food sources, such as variations of vitamin E including almonds and spinach, kale and other green vegetables, help to reduce the risk of cataract.

Wearing proper UV protecting sunglasses while in the out and about also helps counter the degenerative effects of the UV rays, thus contributing to healthier eyes.

If one should contract with the disease, the following steps might help in the proper course of treatment.

At early stages, visual aids or glasses might help the patient, but surgery for the same would be the only way out if the diseases gets to a more serious stage.

Our expert team of doctors here at Spectra Eye, make sure that the surgery for the same is simple, relatively pain free and an efficient way to help regain your vision.
Best Eye Care Hospital in Kolkata - Cataract Treatment

 

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