Before moving onto what are the means of treatment, we should try and simply layout what glaucoma refers to and means. It would quite simply refer to a condition where the nerves conducting signals to and from the eyes and the brains get damaged due to a multitude of reasons.
This loss in signal (mostly arising due to an increase in the pressure in the eyes) could potentially lead to blurry vision and in the worst of cases, complete blindness.
Glaucoma can also be broadly clubbed into 2 different categories:
- Open Angle This refers to a pretty standard case of glaucoma, resulting in mild loss and damage to peripheral vision, and some other minor factors such as headaches and such.
- Acute Angle This falls under the purview of being a medical emergency leading to immediate medical attention falling under the hands of a medical professional.
Certain other types to take note of are also as follows:
- a. Normal - Tension Glaucoma
- b. Pigmentary glaucoma
- c. Glaucoma present in young adolescents or children
The disease of Glaucoma is also known as the 'silent killer of sight'.